Selasa, 15 Mei 2012


Selamat Hari Guru 2012 


The Qualities and Characteristics of a Good Teacher

  • Good teachers treat their students with respect
  • Good teachers don't have double standards
  • Good teachers are honest
  • Good teachers give their students a lot of choice in their assignments
  • Good teachers have creative ways of presenting class
  • Good teachers get to know their students individually
  • Good teachers stand up for their students
  • Good teachers let students listen to music (with headphones on!)
  • Good teachers don't give much or any homework


How to earn the respect of your students


Ñ          There seems to be a common misconception among teachers that being respected by your students means that they "shut up and do everything you command". You could probably do it this way if you want, but I assure you, your students will despise your class.


Ñ          The basic first step to earn their respect is to simply be nice to them. Now, this doesn't mean you should let them walk all over you, but it does mean you shouldn't walk all over them either. You will need to attain some sort of balance. First of all, if you are having a bad day (as we all do from time to time), the best would be to tell your class, so that they can be careful to not aggravate you. That of course doesn't mean someone won't annoy you, but if this happens then at least an angry outburst from you won't be completely unexpected, and since you announced it to begin with, the others should be more likely to accept your apology if you took it out on someone undeserving. Also accept that some of your students may be having a bad day as well, and treat them the way you would want to be treated in such a situation.


Ñ          Encourage your students to call you by your first name instead of Mr/Mrs etc. This creates a more friendly atmosphere and helps to do away with the idea that you're an authority figure over them, and will encourage them to be more open and friendly with you.

Ñ          Try to get to know your students individually. Get to know what they like/dislike, their ideas and needs. This can be a lot of work, especially if you teach at a large school, but if you can grade all that homework and keep track of who the good/bad kids are, you should be able to remember a few personal traits as well.

Ñ          Be honest with your students. Especially when they ask things like "When will I ever use this in real life?". One thing a lot of kids hate is when teachers tell them that it's important to know things like the formula for a parabola. Most people will never use that knowledge again.

Ñ          Grade things on time. Just as you would expect your students to hand projects in on time, you should set the example by being timely yourself. If you don't grade things on time, then be sure to give your students the same leeway as well.

Ñ          Don't censor yourself too much. Most students actually like a teacher that swears a little every now and then. On the other hand, don't attempt slang unless you're totally comfortable with it.

Ñ          Stand up for your students. If you see them being pushed around or bullied by other students or teachers, try to end the conflict, or at least tell the attacker to calm down.

Ñ          Also, for male teachers: girls occasionally have something called a "period". It means they have to use the restroom more frequently, and females greatly appreciate the allowance of restroom use to "fix themselves up".

Ñ          Once you've earned the respect of your students, be sure to keep it! Make jokes, fool around a bit when the time is right - try to keep it casual.


How to make your classes interesting

Whenever possible, give your students choices as to what they would like to do and how they want to do it. For example, after covering a section of work, ask them if they'd rather write a test, have a discussion or do a worksheet on it. You could even divide the class according to what they'd rather do, and let them do that. This also counts for projects and papers. Try to avoid giving the whole class the same topic, unless you have to. Even then try to give them as much leeway as possible.

Try to come up with other ways of presenting things instead of sticking to lesson plans or text books. If you just stand in the front and lecture the whole time, the chances of anyone paying attention are slim.

Also, don't be too eager to offer help to a student, but do make it clear that if they want help they should ask. Some kids like to figure things out for themselves, while others prefer to be told how to do it.

Don't place too much emphasis on keeping your class quiet. Some students will want to help each other or work together, this is a good thing. In fact, don't be the only one talking. Encourage discussion. Let your students interrupt you from time to time to discuss a point. Don't worry if you end up straying off the point a little, just try to keep track of where you were and don't let it go too far. Allow students to move around and sit next to a friend, as long as they do all their work and don't cause major disruptions.

Don't worry about drinks or food in class as long as the class stays clean. If someone makes a mess, they should clean it up themselves right then and there.

Some people work faster and better if there is music. Since not everyone has the same taste in music, allow your students to listen to whatever they like with headphones on, as long as it's not too loud.

Let students start their homework in your class. This way it becomes more like classwork, and whatever isn't finished by the end of class becomes homework. This way whoever works quickly in class doesn't get homework. The other benefit of this is that you are still there to help them, should they need something explained. I have heard so many complaints by kids who sat up all night trying to finish some math homework that they didn't understand how to do in the first place. Also, be lenient - ask your students if they've already received homework for other classes, and how much of it. If they already have a lot, don't give more. The best option would be to just never give any homework, unless the subject in question is something like math where practice is needed.

With regard to assignments, try to work out due dates with other teachers so that students don't get overworked with assignments on different subjects all at the same time.

Key Elements of What makes a good teacher?

Research detailing the direct effect of good teaching on pupils is difficult to assess, as relating ‘good teaching’ directly to higher attainment in pupils is almost impossible to verify.   However there are many attempts to analyse what constitutes a ‘good teacher’.   The following points are generally agreed to have an impact on pupils:

Subject Matter Knowledge

Highly knowledgeable and up to date in their subject area, but do not pretend to know it all, willing to learn from pupils

Teachers’ repertoires of best practices

Provide learner with clear tasks, goals, and requirement and inform them of progress made. A key skill in teaching is the ability to explain and describe things clearly

Encourage pupils to think, to make connections, to practise and reinforce, to learn from other learners and to feel that if they make mistakes they will not be ridiculed or treated negatively

Promote pupil participation through problem solving, questioning, discussion and “buzz group” activities

Treat all pupil questions seriously and do not intimidate or ridicule

Use regular informal assessment strategies including a range of types of questioning, observation and listening in

Understand that, since individuals learn at different rates and in different ways, we need to provide a variety of activities, tasks and pace of work, and monitor and evaluate children’s progress

Use breaks and activities to engage pupils’ thinking and interest

Turn to reading and research for fresh insights and relating these to their classroom and school

Work in a shared and collegial way with other staff

Personal qualities

Demonstrate an empathy with pupil thinking, anticipate misconceptions and allow pupils to develop understanding in a variety of ways

Observe pupils in class for signs that they are failing to keep up, are bored, or are not understanding

Show flexibility in responding to pupil needs
 Genuinely want pupils to learn, understand and develop critical thinking abilities, as well as master content or learn skills
Encourage pupils to take an active role in working through difficulties and take time to work through concepts in detail with those who have difficulties
Teachers who show enthusiasm for subject, professional area and teaching role motivate pupils as they look forward to coming to that class
Highly effective teachers are viewed as “easy going”, “relaxed”, with an “open” manner.   This brings a relaxed atmosphere to the classroom
Communicate effectively
Are resourceful and positive and adopt a problem-solving approach
Are creative and imaginative and have an open attitude to change
Are systematic and well organised, focused, determined and hardworking
Demonstrate empathy and fairness, are caring and approachable
Teacher Competences
The Standard for Chartered Teachers states that the quality of the educational service depends pre-eminently on the quality of our teachers.   The standard then list the following 4 components:

  1. Professional values and personal commitments

  1. Professional knowledge and understanding

  1. Professional and personal attributes

  1. Professional action

It also lists 4 central professional values and personal commitments which effective teachers should develop:

effectiveness in promoting learning in the classroom

  1. critical self-evaluation and development

  1. collaboration and influence

  1. educational and social values

You have the ability to bond with your students, to understand and resonate with their feelings and emotions. To communicate on their level. To be compassionate with them when they are down and to celebrate with them when they are up.
Positive Mental Attitude
You are able to think more on the positive and a little less on the negative. To keep a smile on your face when things get tough. To see the bright side of things. To seek to find the positives in every negative situation. To be philosophical.
Open to Change
You are able to acknowledge that the only real constant in life is change. You know there is a place for tradition but there is also a place for new ways, new ideas, new systems, and new approaches. You don't put obstacles in your way by being blinkered and are always open and willing to listen to others' ideas.
Role Model
You are the window through which many young people will see their future. Be a fine role model.

You are able to motivate your students by using creative and inspirational methods of teaching. You are different in your approach and that makes you stand out from the crowd. Hence the reason why students enjoy your classes and seek you out for new ideas.
Sense of Humour
You know that a great sense of humour reduces barriers and lightens the atmosphere especially during heavy periods. An ability to make your students laugh will carry you far and gain you more respect. It also increases your popularity.
Presentation Skills
You know that your students are visual, auditory or kinaesthetic learners. You are adept at creating presentation styles for all three. Your body language is your main communicator and you keep it positive at all times. Like a great orator you are passionate when you speak. But at the same time you know that discussion and not lecturing stimulates greater feedback.
You know that the aggression, negative attitudes and behaviours that you see in some of your students have a root cause. You know that they are really scared young people who have come through some bad experiences in life. This keeps you calm and in control of you, of them and the situation. You are good at helping your students de-stress.
You know that no one is more important in the world than anyone else. You know that everyone has a place in the world. You respect your peers and your students. Having that respect for others gets you the respect back from others.
You know that you can change a young person's life by helping them to realise their potential, helping them to grow, helping them to find their talents, skills and abilities.
You are passionate about what you do. Teaching young people is your true vocation in life. Your purpose in life is to make a difference.
Willing to Learn
You are willing to learn from other teachers AND your students. Although knowledgeable in your subject you know that you never stop learning. If you are student teacher please go to our

Khamis, 3 Mei 2012

Hasil Kajian- perusahaan logam/ gril ( Norzakiah Salleh )

Hasil Kajian
a. maklumat asas produk
i.          nama produk

produk yang dikeluarkan oleh pengusaha ialah barangan berasaskan logam. Pengusaha ini mengeluarkan besi , aluminium dan zink. 

ii.         kategori
kimpalan membuat kerja-kerja besi.

iii.        nama pengusaha / syarikat / status hak milik

produk logam ini telah diusahakan oleh encik azli bin baharom. Beliau telah menubuhkan perusahaan ini mulai tahun 2008 sehingga sekarang. Encik azli bin baharom merupakan pemilik tunggal perusahaan logam ini.
iv.        Lokasi
tempat kajian yang dilakukan oleh  saya beralamat di nombor 16 kampung bukit bendar, bukit kepong muar. Ianya terletak kira-kira 26 kilometer daripada Bandar muar. Lokasi tempat kajian ini bolehlah dikatakan berada di luar Bandar.

b. latar belakang
             i. sejarah kewujudan
 perusahaan logam ini telah dimulakan secara kecil-kecilan pada tahun 2008. Ianya dilakukan   oleh Encik Azli bin Baharom bersama ayahnya iaitu Encik Baharom bin Jamal. Logam ini dikeluarkan pada skala kecil sahaja iaitu permintaan daripada penduduk kampung dan juga dari permintaan ramai.

ii.         punca dan jumlah modal – sama ada persendirian / berkongsi / hasil bantuan atau pinjaman
pada awal perniagaan barangan berasaskan logam ini, Encik  Azli bin Baharom meneruskan legasi keluarga iaitu ayahnya Encik Baharom bin Jamal. Kini, perusahaannya dimiliki secara sendiri. Beliau menyatakan bahawa modal permulaan perniagaan logamnya ini hasil dari simpanan sendiri yang berjumlah RM20 ribu ringgit.
iii.        tujuan / kepentingan produk
produk dijual  kerana ingin memenuhi keperluan setempat dan juga kerana hasil permintaan umum yang banyak. Setiap hasil jualan setiap reka bentuk , ia dapat meraih harga jualan yang tinggi. Natijahnya di sini, semakin cantik dan menarik hasil reka bentuk, semakin banyak keuntungan yang dapat diperoleh oleh encik azli bin baharom.

c. kaedah atau cara penghasilan
i.          tenaga kerja
tenaga kerja bagi perusahaan logam ini seramai 2 orang. Gaji bagi setiap pekerja ialah rm50 untuk setiap hari. Umur para pekerja ialah 27 tahun dan 66 tahun. Mereka dari golongan orang tempatan. Pengalaman bekerja sudah hampir 6 tahun. Mereka bekerja sepenuh masa.

ii.         senarai bahan yang digunakan
menurut encik azli bin baharom, bahan utama adalah besi. Selain itu, barang-barang hiasan bagi menghias hasil reka bentuk.
  •   Besi                                                              
  •  power weld
  • Paku                                                                       
  • cat

iii.        senarai peralatan
antara senarai peralatannya ialah widing set, mig, pemotong besi, grender, lori, bengkel, oxy cutter, sit drill, walding
  •  MIG weld                                    
  • widing set                                  grender                                                                                                        
  • oxy cutter                                 
  • gergaji                                           
  •   sit drill                                                           
  • Lori                                                              
  •  walding

iv. proses kerja / peringkat penghasilan bahan
Proses pembuatan
1        Dalam pemprosesan pemotongan                          
2. peyanbungan rod-rod besi
 3 .  Proses meyembur cat                                       
 4 .  proses pengeringan
       5 . Pemasangan                                               
      6 . pemasangan selesai

v. spesifikasi produk / daripada segi timbangan / sukatan / ukuran
menurut Encik Azli bin Baharom, sebanyak 4 atau 5 buah grill dapat disiapkan dalam sebulan.  Ianya bergantung kepada permintaan dan tempahan orang ramai.

d. perkembangan produk
i. rangkaian pemasaran
Pada masa ini pengusaha mengeluarkan barangannya mengikut tempahan dan permintaan orang ramai . Ia memasarkan barangannya mengikut  nama perniagaan  AZLI BB ENTERPRISE. Beliau menerima tempahan daripada penduduk setempat dan kawasan persekitaran iaitu di Labis dan Bukit Kepong.

ii. pengiktirafan / sambutan daripada pengguna / penghargaan

Sambutan dari para pelanggan amat menggalakkan. Mengikut kajian saya perniagaan berasaskan logam encik azli bin baharom ini sudah semakin berkembang. Permintaan terhadap barangan juga semakin meningkat. Menurut encik azli bin baharom, kadang-kala kerana terlalu banyak permintaan dalam satu masa membuatkan beliau dan para pekerja terpaksa bekerja lebih pantas untuk mengimbangkan masa bagi menyiapkan semua hasil tempahan pada waktu yang sudah diatur dan untuk memuaskan hati para pelanggan.

iii. kemajuan yang dicapai – kapasiti / jumlah pengeluaran / kakitangan / teknologi keuntungan yang diperoleh
perniagaan ini telah berkembang dan telah dipasarkan sehingga ke sime darby plantation di kuala Selangor dan bandaraya Melaka. Keuntungan yang diperoleh dalam perniagaan ini telah mencecah RM100 hingga RM200 untuk sebuah grill dan RM1000 hingga RM1500 untuk sebuah garaj.

iv.        cabaran / masalah yang dihadapi
antara cabaran yang dihadapi ialah wang pusingan modal tidak mencukupi. Selain itu, beliau juga menghadapi masalah pelanggan yang lewat membayar bil yang diserahkan setelah penghantaran barangan dilakukan . Keadaan ini menjejaskan perniagaannya kerana akan menyebabkan modal pusiangannya akan berkurangan.Terdapat juga beberapa masalah sampingan seperti peralatan yang ingin digunakan mengalami kerosakan. hal ini menyebabkan beliau susah untuk melicinkan perjalanan perniagaannya.

v.         potensi produk
pada masa ini beliau menjangkakan produk buatannya akan berterusan daripada segi permintaan. Ini adalah kerana bilangan taman perumahan mula bertambah dengan pesat di bandar Labis dan Segaman. Jarak
perniagaan ini berpotensi untuk ke luar Negara seperti di singapura dan Indonesia. Beliau telah menerima tawaran untuk membuat kerja-kerja kimpalan di sana. Namun begitu, beliau masih belum terfikir untuk melangkah sejauh itu. Namun, itulah peluang yang ada baginya untuk terus mengembangkan lagi perniagaannya.

vi.        perancangan masa hadapan
menurut encik azli bin baharom, beliau ingin mempelbagaikan lagi hasil rekaan beserta memperluaskan kawasan perniagaan. Beliau juga berharap agar orang ramai dapat menempah rekaan beliau dengan lebih banyak lagi. Beliau juga terfikir untuk mengupah beberapa orang untuk bekerja dengan beliau di bangsal.